Tanned animal skins were the primary clothing material.
Men and women worked to produce clothing all year round. The skins
from elk, deer, and antelope made the best dresses or suits. Dresses
and suits were decorated with shells and animal claws and teeth.
Bones and porcupine quills were also used as adornment. Sinew from
animals’ intestine was used as thread. Moccasins were made
from deer, elk, and moose hides. Rawhide was the preferred material
for the soles, because it was much longer wearing and better able
to protect the feet when walking through rocks and rough places.
Sometimes moccasins were lined with juniper bark for insulation.
When clothing made from skins got wet it had to be removed and vigorously
rubbed and stretched until it dried to a soft condition. It was
best to actively wear wet moccasins until they became dry to maintain
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