Culture & History
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Historical Events
  The Shoshone Conversion to Mormonism
  NW Shoshone Corinne Settlement
  Harvest & Diet Homesteading
  Clothing Washakie
  Shelter Washakeie School Day
  Customs World War II
  Fur Trappers Washakie Farm Sold
  Pioneer Movement Federal Recognition

Bear River Massacre

Massacre Site Saved
  Treaty of Box Elder References
  Promontory Point  

Conversion to Mormonism 1875

The Northwestern Shoshone appealed to Mormon leader Brigham Young after years of struggle to recover from the massacre. Brigham Young sent George Washington Hill, in the capacity of missionary, to aid them. George W. Hill seemed to be a natural contact for the Northwestern Shoshone seeking to affiliate with Mormonism. He was well known to the Shoshone, having worked with them extensively as a missionary in the Salmon River mission at Fort Lemhi between 1855 and 1859 and occasionally thereafter as a translator. At Hill’s assignment at Salmon River, Hill mastered the Shoshone language and gained a great understanding and respect for the Shoshone people and their culture. The Shoshone honored Hill by acknowledging one of his physical traits in a special name they gave him Inkapompy, meaning “Man with Red Hair.”
At Brigham City, Mormon Bishop Alvin Nichols was also doing his duty by the Indians, distributing beef and other supplies "on a liberal scale" to the encampment of Shoshone. This was in November 1874. The Mormon Church started baptizing Shoshone in the spring of 1875 and set them up farming just a few miles north of Corinne. By August 1875, over 600 Northwestern Shoshones were baptized.


  Brigham Tribal Office
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