Culture & History
 
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Historical Events
  The Shoshone Conversion to Mormonism
  NW Shoshone Corinne Settlement
  Harvest & Diet Homesteading
  Clothing Washakie
  Shelter Washakeie School Day
  Customs World War II
  Fur Trappers Washakie Farm Sold
  Pioneer Movement Federal Recognition
 

Bear River Massacre

Massacre Site Saved
  Treaty of Box Elder References
  Promontory Point  
 
 

Harvest & Diet

  In the early autumn, the Northwestern Shoshone moved into the region near what is now Salmon, Idaho to fish. They caught salmon and dried them for winter to use. After fishing was over, they moved into western Wyoming to hunt for buffalo, elk, deer, moose, and antelope. It was very important to get the big game, for it meant feast or famine, clothing and shelter. The meat was sun dried for winter use.
In the spring and summer, the Northwestern band traveled around southern Idaho and throughout Utah. During these months, they spent their time gathering seeds, roots, and berries and socializing with each other. Late summer was root digging and small-game hunting time. Gathering seeds was a hard task at times. When seeds were scarce, a woman might spend an entire day gathering enough for only one family meal. Digging Sticks were used for digging out roots and bulbs. Ground potatoes, camas, sego lily, wild garlic, cactus, and other bulbs and roots were harvested. Berries of all kinds were picked in the mountains and fields. Wild honey was gathered in the late fall. Around late October, the band moved into western Utah and parts of Nevada for the annual gathering of pine nuts. The nutrient-rich nuts were an important part of the Shoshone diet. The pine nuts collected could be ground up into meal for mush (cereal), gravy, soups or roasted and eaten as a dessert or snack.
The wintering home of the Northwestern Shoshone was in an area around what is now called Franklin and Preston, Idaho. The rocks in the area looked sponge-like and made the Shoshone think of lungs hence, it was known as Moson Kahni, which means “Home of the Lungs.” The Cache Valley and surrounding areas were natural places for the Northwestern Shoshone to make their homes. The land along the Bear River was in a natural depression with lots of willows and brush, which they could use. Hot springs were plentiful as were fish and wild game. Willows and brush served as wind and snow breaks during the winter months.
The Shoshone also utilized other foods throughout the year as needed. A variety of birds, such as ducks and geese, are common along the northeast shore of the Great Salt Lake, were used for meat and eggs. Particularly important were doves, sage hens, and quail. In times of extreme need, owls, hawks, and crows were also eaten. In addition, the Shoshone harvested several varieties of insects, including grasshoppers, crickets, insect larvae, and bee eggs.
Drinks were prepared from a variety of plants. Common drinks were peppermint tea, rose tea, and Mormon (or Brigham) tea. Rabbit brush, sagebrush, and milkweed had parts that could be chewed as gum.
 
 
  Brigham Tribal Office
707 N. Main Street
Brigham City, UT 84302
Phone: 800-310-8241
Local: 435.734.2286 | Fax: 435.734.0424
Pocatello Tribal Office
353 East Lander
Pocatello, ID 83201
Phone: 208-478-5712
Fax: 208.478.5713
 
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